Xinjiang is a place favored by its own creator: it is the most beautiful place in China, the largest desert in China, the largest glacier in China, and the largest mud volcano group in China.
These great and magnificent natural landscapes are concentrated in Xinjiang, and many of them are the only places visible in China and Xinjiang. However, the charm of Xinjiang is not limited to this. The “most” mentioned above can be said to be gifts from nature. From ancient times to the present, people living in Xinjiang have also been economic, cultural, and life-saving. Created countless “most”; in the earliest forest law found in China, we can peek into the ecological wisdom of ancient people; in the earliest cave temples in China, follow the footsteps of Buddhism into China.
Let’s take a look at what are the “Top of China” in Xinjiang:
China’s Largest Province
The Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region covers an area of 1.649 million square kilometers, accounting for about one-sixth of China’s land area, and is the largest provincial administrative region in China.
Xinjiang Is The Province With The Most Neighboring Countries In China
Xinjiang borders eight countries including Mongolia, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India.
Xinjiang Is The Province With The Longest Border In China
The border line is 5,600 kilometers long, accounting for a quarter of China’s land border, and it is the province with the longest land border in China.
Xinjiang Has China’s Longest Inland River
The Tarim River covers an area of 2179 kilometers and is China’s largest inland river.
Xinjiang Has China’s Only River That Flows Into The Arctic Ocean
The Irtysh River originates from the southern slope of the Altai Mountains in Fuyun County. It is a cross-international river that flows into the Ob River in Russia after flowing through China and Kazakhstan, and finally flows into the Arctic Ocean. It is the only river flowing into the Arctic Ocean in China.
Provinces With The Most Mineral Resources
Xinjiang is the province with the richest mineral resources in China.
The Driest Place In China
In Toksun County, Turpan Basin, the average annual precipitation is only 6.9 millimeters, and the average annual precipitation day is only 8.3 days. The longest continuous precipitation-free days amounted to 350 days, appearing from September 28, 1979 to September 11, 1980, and it was also the highest in the country.
China’s Largest Iand Basin
The Tarim Basin covers an area of 530,000 square kilometers.
China’s Largest Desert
The Taklimakan Desert is China’s largest desert and the second largest desert in the world, covering an area of 324,000 square kilometers.
China’s Largest Glacier
The Yinsugeti Glacier on the north slope of Qiaogori Peak in the Pamirs is the largest glacier in China.
Largest County In China
The county with the largest land area in China is Xinjiang Rugao County, with an area of 199222 square kilometers.
China’s Largest Alpine Grassland
The Bayanbulak grassland is located in the northwestern area of Hejing County, with a total area of 23,800 square kilometers.
China’s Largest Seismic Fault Zone
The Xinjiang Fuyun earthquake fault zone is about 176 kilometers long and is a slope-type fault zone with a maximum water displacement of 14 meters and a maximum vertical offset of 1.4 meters, ranking first in China.
Lowest Point On Land
Aiding Lake is located 50 km south of Turpan City. The dry Aiding Lake, with an elevation of -154.31 meters, is the lowest land in China.
Turpan, the maximum temperature currently recorded is 49.7 degrees Celsius at the bottom of the Aiding Lake Meteorological Station in Turpan Basin on August 3, 2009.
The Only Endemic Plant In Xinjiang In The World
In Kunlun Yuanbai, Ehe poplar, Tarim Shaguai, etc., there are 272 species in 34 families, 119 genera.
China’s Most Mineral Pit
Coco Tuohai No. 3 pit is rich in 86 kinds of ore more than 140 useful minerals known in the world.
Provinces with the Most Rich Licorice Resources
There are 20 species of licorice in the world, 12 species are distributed in China, and 9 species are in Xinjiang.
Largest Wild apple forest
There is a wild apple forest with an area of about 100,000 acres deep in the branches of the Tianshan Mountains in Xinyuan County, Yili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture, which is the largest wild apple forest in China.
Largest iron meteorite
China’s largest iron meteorite was discovered in the Altay region in 1898, with a volume of 3.5 cubic meters.
Largest natural Populus euphratica forest
The largest and most widely distributed natural Populus euphratica forest in China is Populus euphratica forest in the Tarim Basin, Xinjiang, covering an area of 3,800 square kilometers.
Largest nature reserve
The largest nature reserve in China is the Alkinshan Nature Reserve in the southern part of Ruoqiang County, Xinjiang, covering an area of 45,000 square kilometers.
The largest petrified wood forest
The silicified wood group at Qitai Silicified Wood Dinosaur Geopark is the largest and most abundant silicified wood forest in Asia. The number of plants found on the surface is more than 1,000.
Earliest forest law
According to a document unearthed at the Hotan Niya site, the king ordered the country: “Live trees are severely cut down, and offenders are punished by a horse; even if a branch is cut, a cow is punished.” The earliest forest law. ”
Earliest cave temple
The Kizil Thousand Buddha Caves in Baicheng County is the earliest cave temple in China. It was excavated in the 3rd century AD and gradually stopped construction in the 8th-9th century AD.
The earliest cotton growing areas
Cotton has been planted in Xinjiang during the Eastern Han Dynasty.
China’s first large wind farm
In 1994, China’s first wind farm with an installed capacity of kW was built in Daban City, Xinjiang.
Provinces with the most open ports
As of the end of 2011, Xinjiang had 17 national first-class ports approved for opening by the State Council, becoming China’s province with the largest number of open ports.
Largest cotton producing area
In 2011, Xinjiang’s cotton sown area was 1.638 million hectares, and the cotton output was 2.977 million tons, ranking first in the country for 19 consecutive years.
Provinces with the most airports and longest routes
As of 2018, the number of Xinjiang transportation airports has increased to 21 with a total of 254 scheduled routes.
Longest Desert Highway
The Tarim Desert Highway is the longest highway built in the mobile desert in China. The road runs 552 kilometers from the east of Luntai County, the national highway 314 to the north, and Qiahan, Minfeng County to the south.
Longest underground irrigation system
The total number of Kaner wells in Turpan is nearly thousands, with a total length of about 5,000 kilometers.
Largest beet producing area
The total output and unit yield are both first in the country, accounting for more than 60% of the national sugar beet production.
Largest almond plantation area
Badan apricot cultivation area in Xinjiang is about 53,000 hectares, ranking first in China.
The largest tomato production base
It accounts for more than 90% of the national tomato product output, and exports account for more than a quarter of world trade.
Largest lavender producing area
China is the largest and the third largest lavender producing area in the world.
The largest safflower planting area
Largest grape producing area
Largest cold water fish production base
The finest wool in China
The earliest worship site
About 2,500 years ago, the site of worship for fire worship is the earliest and most primitive cult of fire worship found in the world.
Provinces and regions with the highest number of open mountains
Eleven peaks have been opened to the public, including Qigori Peak, the second highest peak in the world, Muztagh Peak, the “father of glaciers”, and Tomul Peak, the highest peak in the Tianshan Mountains.
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