There are various types of higher education institutions in China. Among these schools, there are some world-class universities with excellent comprehensive rankings, which are ranked top in terms of teaching quality and academic research. In the 2020 ranking of Chinese universities, these 10 universities are the top in China.

1.Peking University 北京大学

Most Beautiful Universities in China-Peking University
Peking University, directly affiliated to the Ministry of Education of the People’s Republic of China, is directly under the Central Ministry of Management, and ranks among “World-Class Universities and Disciplines”, “211 Project”, and “985 Project”, and is selected as the “Primary Discipline Top Student Training Test Plan” , “Innovation Ability Enhancement Program for Higher Education Institutions”, “Innovation Introducing Talents for Higher Education Disciplines”, which are the Nine Schools Alliance, Pine Alliance, China University Presidents Association, Beijing-Hong Kong University Alliance, Asian University Alliance, East Asian Research University Association, International Member of Research University Alliance, Pacific Rim University Alliance, 21st Century Academic Alliance, Four East Asian University Forum, International Public University Forum, China-Russia Comprehensive University Alliance.
Peking University was founded in 1898 when the Reform Movement was reformed. It was originally known as the Peking University Hall. It was the first national comprehensive university in modern China. At the beginning of its establishment, it was also the country’s highest educational administrative institution. It was changed to National Peking University in 1912. In 1937, he moved south to Changsha. He formed the National Changsha Temporary University with the National Tsinghua University and the private Nankai University. He moved to Kunming in 1938 and changed his name to the National Southwest United University. Demobilized and returned to Peiping (now Beijing) in 1946. In 1952, after being adjusted by colleges and universities across the country, it became a comprehensive university focusing on basic disciplines of arts and sciences, and moved to the current site from the beaches in Beijing. In 2000, it merged with the former Beijing Medical University to form a new Peking University.
Peking University is the center of the New Culture Movement and the source of the May 4th Movement. It was the first to spread Marxism, scientific and democratic ideas in China, and was one of the important bases for the creation of the Communist Party of China. For a long time, Peking University has always shared the destiny with China and the Chinese people, advancing with the times and society, and is the cradle of cultivating and bringing up high-quality creative talents.

Founding time1898CategoryPublic universities
Competent departmentMinistry of Education of the People’s Republic of ChinaOfficial websitehttp://www.pku.edu.cn
Famous alumniLi Keqiang, Zhu Ziqing, Tu Youyou, Zhong Nanshan, Li Yanhong, etc.  

2.Tsinghua University 清华大学

Most Beautiful Universities in China-Tsinghua University
Tsinghua University is a national key university directly affiliated to the Ministry of Education of the People’s Republic of China and directly administered by the Central Government. It is ranked among “World-Class Universities and Disciplines”, “211 Project”, and “985 Project”, and was selected as the “2011 Plan”. “Everest Project” and “111 Project” are members of the Nine Schools Alliance, Pine Alliance, China University Presidents Association, Asian University Alliance, Pacific Rim University Alliance, Tsinghua-Cambridge-MIT Low-Carbon University Alliance, and Chinese high-level talent training And an important base for scientific and technological research, known as the “cradle of red engineers.”
The predecessor of the school, Tsinghua School, was founded in 1911. The school name “Tsinghua” is derived from the place name “Tsinghua Park”. It is a preparatory school for studying in the United States established by the Qing government. . In 1912 it was renamed Tsinghua School. In 1928 it was renamed National Tsinghua University. After the outbreak of the Anti-Japanese War in 1937, Changsha moved to the south, and established the National Changsha Temporary University with the National Peking University and the private Nankai University. In 1938, it moved to Kunming and changed its name to the National Southwest United University. Moved back to Tsinghua Park in 1946. The People’s Republic of China was established in 1949, and Tsinghua University entered a new stage of development. In 1952, the colleges and universities of the country were adjusted to become a multi-disciplinary industrial university. Since 1978, it has gradually recovered and developed into a comprehensive research university.

Founding time1911CategoryPublic universities
Competent departmentMinistry of Education of the People’s Republic of ChinaOfficial websitehttp://www.tsinghua.edu.cn
Famous alumniXi Jinping, Hu Jintao, Zhu Rongji, Yang Zhenning, Deng Jiaxian, Wu Bangguo, Zhang Chaoyang, etc.  

3.Fudan University 复旦大学

Most Beautiful Universities in China-Fudan University
Fudan University, located in Shanghai, is a national key university directly affiliated to the Ministry of Education of the People’s Republic of China and directly managed by the central government. , Founding member of the Nine Schools Alliance (C9), Pacific Rim University Alliance, China University Presidents Association, East Asian Research Universities Association, New Technology Education International Alliance, Medical “Double First Class” Construction Alliance, Yangtze River Delta Research Universities Alliance, China University Think tank forum secretariat unit, selected in the national “Everest Plan”, “Strong Foundation Plan”, “111 Plan”, “2011 Plan”, Education Plan for Excellence in Doctor Education, Education Plan for Excellence in Legal Talents, National Construction High-level University Postgraduates Projects, new engineering research and practice projects, Chinese government scholarships for receiving foreign students from China, the first batch of national demonstration universities to deepen innovation and entrepreneurship education reform, the first batch of degree authorization independent review units, is a world-renowned and top comprehensive research in China University.
The predecessor of Fudan University was Fudan Public School founded in 1905, and it was one of the earliest colleges and universities founded independently by the people in China. After the adjustment of the faculty in 1952, the school became a comprehensive university focusing on basic teaching and research of the arts and sciences. The predecessor of Shanghai Medical University was the Fourth National Sun Yat-sen University School of Medicine founded in 1927. It was the first national medical college founded by the Chinese. In 2000, Fudan University merged with Shanghai Medical University to form a new Fudan University.
As of September 2019, the school has four campuses including Handan Campus, Fenglin Campus, Jiangwan Campus, and Zhangjiang Campus, covering an area of ​​approximately 2.4391 million square meters, with a school building area of ​​19.822 million square meters; there are 35 directly affiliated colleges (departments) There are 17 affiliated hospitals (of which 4 are planned to be established); there are 13,623 ordinary undergraduate students, 22,610 graduate students, and 3,672 international students; and 3,110 teaching and research personnel.

Founding time1905CategoryPublic universities
Competent departmentMinistry of Education of the People’s Republic of ChinaOfficial websitehttp://www.fudan.edu.cn
Famous alumniZhu Kezhen, Yu Youren, Shao Lizi, Chen Yinke, Feng Depei, Li Lanqing, Li Yuanchao, Zhu Min, Han Zheng, Wang Huning, Ding Xuexiang, Liang Jianzhang, etc.  

4.Zhejiang University 浙江大学

Zhejiang University, under the direct control of the Ministry of Education of the People’s Republic of China, is directly managed by the Central Government and is the deputy ministerial level system. Pacific University Alliance, World University Alliance, International Applied Science and Technology Development Collaboration Network, China University Presidents Association, New Technology Education International Alliance, Global Energy Internet University Alliance, CDIO Engineering Education Alliance, Medical “Double First Class” Construction Alliance, selected as Everest Plan, 2011 Plan, Discipline Innovation and Introducing Talents Plan for Higher Education, Education Plan for Excellent Engineers, Education Plan for Excellent Doctors, Education Plan for Excellent Legal Talents, Education Plan for Excellent Agricultural and Forestry Talents, Chinese Government Scholarships for International Students, China Building a high-level university postgraduate project and one of the first batch of demonstration universities in the country to deepen innovation and entrepreneurship education reform. It is one of the earliest new colleges and universities established by the Chinese themselves. Oriental Cambridge”.
The predecessor of the school was Qiushi College, founded in 1897, and was named National Zhejiang University in 1928. In 1937, Zhejiang University moved westward to run schools in Zunyi, Meitan, Guizhou, and then moved back to Hangzhou in the autumn of 1946. In 1952, some departments of Zhejiang University were transferred to the Chinese Academy of Sciences and other universities. The main part was reorganized into several colleges in Hangzhou, and later developed into the original Zhejiang University, Hangzhou University, Zhejiang Agricultural University and Zhejiang Medical University. In 1998, four schools with the same roots were merged to form a new Zhejiang University.

Founding timeMay 21, 1897CategoryPublic universities
Competent departmentMinistry of Education of the People’s Republic of ChinaOfficial websitehttp://www.zju.edu.cn
Famous alumniZhu Kezhen, Chen Duxiu, Li Suizhi, Lu Yongxiang, Li Zhengdao, etc.  

5.Nanjing University 南京大学

Nanjing University is a national key university directly under the Ministry of Education of the People’s Republic of China. It is ranked as a world-class university construction university (Class A), 211 Project, and 985 Project. It is also an alliance of nine schools, Chinese University Presidents Association, Pacific Rim University Alliance, 21 Century Academic Alliance, International Applied Technology Development Collaboration Network, Association of East Asian Research Universities, International Union of New Engineering Education, China University Science and Planetary Alliance, Yangtze River Delta Research University Alliance, selected as Everest Plan, Qiangji Plan, 111 Plan, 2011 Plan, education plan for outstanding engineers, education plan for outstanding doctors, education and training plan for outstanding legal talents, national postgraduate projects for building high-level universities, new engineering research and practice projects, national demonstration universities for deepening innovation and entrepreneurship education reform, and Chinese government scholarships Overseas Chinese students receiving institutions, the Ministry of Education’s demonstration base for studying in China, and a national-level double-creation demonstration base.
The history of Nanjing University can be traced back to Nanjing Taixue in 258 AD. The history of modern school began in Sanjiang Normal School founded in 1902. Since then, it has gone through Liangjiang Normal School, Nanjing Higher Normal School, National Southeast University, National Fourth Sun Yat-sen University, The National Central University, National Nanjing University and other historical periods were renamed Nanjing University in 1950. In 1952, in the adjustment of colleges and universities across the country, Nanjing University merged with some colleges and universities founded in 1888 after the merger of some colleges and departments. It is still named Nanjing University.
As of November 2019, Nanjing University has four campuses of Xianlin, Gulou, Pukou, and Suzhou; it has 31 directly affiliated colleges and 88 undergraduate majors; 15 “double first-class” construction disciplines; and 38 post-doctoral mobile stations There are 39 first-level disciplines authorized for doctorate degree, 2 authorized sites for professional doctorate degree, 5 first-level disciplines authorized for master degree, and 28 authorized sites for professional master degree; there are 4,582 teaching staff; the total number of students is 63,876.

Founding time1902CategoryPublic universities
Competent departmentMinistry of Education of the People’s Republic of ChinaOfficial websitehttps://www.nju.edu.cn
Famous alumniYang Jiechi, Li Shengjiao, Wu Jianxiong, Li Linsi, Guo Jinlong, etc.  

6.Shanghai Jiao Tong University 上海交通大学

Shanghai Jiao Tong University, located in Shanghai, is a national key university under the direct control of the Ministry of Education of the People’s Republic of China and directly administered by the Central Government. It is one of the oldest institutions of higher learning in China and is renowned at home and abroad. “University Construction University (Class A)”, “985 Project”, “211 Project” are the Nine-School Alliance, China University Presidents Association, Universitas 21, Pacific Rim University Alliance, 21st Century Academic Alliance, International Applied Technology Development Collaboration Network, Member of the New Engineering Education International Alliance, selected for the Everest Plan, the “111 Plan”, “2011 Plan”, the Excellent Doctor Education and Training Plan, the Excellent Legal Talent Education and Training Plan, the Excellent Engineer Education and Training Plan, the Excellent Agriculture and Forestry Talent Education and Training Plan, and the National Construction High-level university public graduate program, degree authorization independent audit unit, etc.
The school was founded in 1896, formerly known as Nanyang Public School, and is one of the multiple sources of higher education in China; it was renamed Nanyang University Hall in 1911, National Jiaotong University in 1929, and Jiaotong University in 1949; in 1955, it moved to Xi’an, divided into the Shanghai part and the Xi’an part of Jiaotong University; the two parts were independently established in 1959, and the Shanghai part was opened under the name of “Shanghai Jiaotong University”; in 1999, the former Shanghai Agricultural College was merged; in 2005, it was merged with the former Shanghai Second Medical University merge.
As of the end of 2018, the school has 6 campuses covering an area of ​​more than 3 million square meters; there are 30 colleges/direct departments, 31 research institutes, 13 affiliated hospitals, 2 affiliated medical research institutes, 12 directly affiliated units; There are 16129 undergraduates, 30217 postgraduates, and 2982 international students; there are 3061 full-time teachers, 45 academicians of the two academies; 67 undergraduate majors. As of April 2020, there are 57 master’s degree programs in first-level disciplines, 24 master’s degree programs in professional degrees, 44 doctoral programs in first-level disciplines, and 3 doctoral programs in professional degree programs.

Founding time1896CategoryPublic universities
Competent departmentMinistry of Education of the People’s Republic of ChinaOfficial websitehttp://www.sjtu.edu.cn
Famous alumniJiang Zemin, Qian Xuesen, Cai Yuanpei, Hu Dunfu, Wu Wenjun, etc.  

7.Huazhong University Of Science And Technology 华中科技大学

Huazhong University of Science and Technology is located in Wuhan City, Hubei Province. It is a comprehensive research-oriented national key university directly under the Ministry of Education of the People’s Republic of China and the first batch of world-class university-building universities (Class A). It was selected as the 985 project, 211 project, and strong foundation. Plan, 111 Plan, Education Plan for Excellent Engineers, Education Plan for Excellent Doctors, 2011 Plan for Hubei Province, National University Student Innovation Experiment Program, National University Student Innovation and Entrepreneurship Training Program, National Construction High-level University Public Graduate Program, New Engineering Research and Practice projects, national demonstration universities for deepening innovation and entrepreneurship education reform, Chinese government scholarships for receiving foreign students in China, the Ministry of Education demonstration base for studying in China, is the 21st Century Academic Alliance, International Applied Technology Development Collaboration Network, China-Russia University of Technology Alliance, China and Europe The engineering education platform, the joint operation of seven schools, and the member universities of the Global Energy Internet University Alliance, are one of the ten universities that have jointly established medical schools with the National Health and Health Commission, and are one of the four universities with national major science centers. The “Top Ten Scientific Research Institutions in China” rated by Nature is called “the epitome of the development of higher education in New China”.
The school’s predecessor was Huazhong Institute of Technology, one of the four major colleges of technology founded in 1952, the Shanghai German Medical College established in 1907, and the Hubei Polytechnic College established in 1898. After inheritance and development, it was established in 2000 by the merger of the former Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Tongji Medical University and Wuhan City Construction College.
As of November 2019, Huazhong University of Science and Technology has more than 3,400 full-time teachers, including more than 1,200 professors and more than 1,400 associate professors; 19 teachers are academicians, 64 are Changjiang Scholars Distinguished Professors, 20 are Changjiang Scholars Youth Programs, and the National Outstanding Youth Science Foundation 73 winners.

Founding time1952CategoryPublic universities
Competent departmentMinistry of Education of the People’s Republic of ChinaOfficial websitehttp://www.hust.edu.cn
Famous alumniZhou Ji, Jiang Qianqian, Bei Shizhang, Shen Qizhen, Qiu Fazu, etc.  

8.University Of Science And Technology Of China 中国科学技术大学

The University of Science and Technology of China, located in Hefei City, Anhui Province, is a comprehensive national key university under the Chinese Academy of Sciences that focuses on cutting-edge science and high-tech, as well as medical, characteristic management and humanities disciplines. It is a three-tier system built by the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the Ministry of Education, and Anhui Province; it is ranked among the world’s top universities, 985 projects, and 211 projects, and was selected as the Everest Plan, the Strong Foundation Plan, the 111 Plan, the 2011 Plan, and the Excellent Engineer Education and Training Plan. , Chinese Academy of Sciences Knowledge Innovation Project, National Construction High-Level University Public Graduate Project, National Deepening Innovation and Entrepreneurship Education Reform Demonstration University, Chinese Government Scholarship Scholarship for International Students, the First Batch of Degree Authorized Independent Audit Units, Nine School Alliance, President of China University Member of the Association, Pacific Rim University Alliance, International Applied Technology Development Collaboration Network, Association of East Asian Research Universities.
The University of Science and Technology of China was founded in Beijing in September 1958. The first president was concurrently served by Guo Moruo; after the establishment of the school, the Chinese Academy of Sciences implemented a school-wide school-integrated department policy, bringing together Yan Jici, Hua Luogeng, Qian Xuesen, Zhao Zhongyao, A group of well-known scientists such as Guo Yonghuai and Zhao Jiuzhang were listed as key national universities the second year after the school was established; in early 1970, the school moved to Hefei, Anhui Province, and started a second business; after 1978, the school established the youth class and the first New initiatives such as the establishment of graduate schools, the construction of national major scientific projects, and opening schools to the world are also the only universities participating in the national knowledge innovation project.
As of November 2019, the school has 20 colleges (including 6 science and education integration colleges), 33 departments and Suzhou Research Institute, Shanghai Research Institute, Beijing Research Institute, Advanced Technology Research Institute, First Affiliated Hospital, etc.; 12 national scientific research institutions, 4 national key scientific and technological infrastructures, and 62 academic and provincial key scientific research institutions.

Founding timeSeptember 1958CategoryPublic universities
Competent departmentChinese Academy of SciencesOfficial websitehttp://www.ustc.edu.cn
Famous alumniWang Yang, Pan Jianwei, Zhao Zhongxian, Hua Luogeng, Zhu Qingshi, etc.  

9.Renmin University Of China 中国人民大学

Renmin University of China, under the direct control of the Ministry of Education of the People’s Republic of China and directly under the Central Government, is jointly established by the Ministry of Education and Beijing, among the first batch of “Double First Class” (Class A), “211 Project”, “985 “Project”, a member of the World University Alliance, the International Applied Science and Technology Development Collaboration Network, the Asia Pacific International Education Association, the Beijing-Hong Kong University Alliance, and was selected into the “111 Project”, “2011 Project”, the Excellent Legal Talent Education Training Program, and the Excellent Agriculture and Forestry Talent Education Training Program 1. National post-graduate project of high-level university construction, new engineering research and practice project, and Chinese government scholarship for receiving foreign students from China. It is a comprehensive research-oriented national key university mainly based on the humanities and social sciences. Known as the “cradle of the People’s Republic”, the center of higher education for the humanities and social sciences.
The predecessor of the school was the Northern Shaanxi Public School established in 1937, and later North China United University and North China University. On December 16, 1949, the Central People’s Government Administration Council adopted the “Decision on the Establishment of the People’s University of China”. On October 3, 1950, the Renmin University of China merged and formed on the basis of North China University and officially opened, becoming the first new regular university founded by New China. In 1954, it was identified as a comprehensive university focusing on social sciences and the first batch of national key universities; in 1960, it was identified as a comprehensive national key university; in 2017, it was selected as a national “double first-class” construction list.
As of April 2017, the school covers an area of ​​more than 2.3 million square meters, with Zhongguancun campus, Tongzhou campus (under construction), Suzhou campus, Shenzhen Research Institute, Shenzhen campus (under construction); teaching and scientific research equipment is worth 744 million yuan ; There are 3.92 million paper books and 2.97 million electronic books in the collection; 5 academic departments, 26 teaching units and 81 undergraduate majors; 1846 full-time teachers and 24778 full-time students.

Founding timeAugust 1937CategoryPublic universities
Competent departmentMinistry of Education of the People’s Republic of ChinaOfficial websitehttp://www.ruc.edu.cn
Famous alumniWu Yuzhang, Liu Yandong, Liu He, Ma Kai, Liu Qiangdong, etc.  

10.Wuhan University 武汉大学

Wuhan University is a comprehensive national key university directly under the Ministry of Education of the People’s Republic of China and directly under the Central Government’s deputy ministerial system; it is ranked as “World-Class University and First-Class Discipline”, “985 Project” and “211 Project”; “Plan”, “Strong Foundation Plan”, “2011 Plan”, “111 Plan”, excellent engineer education training plan, excellent legal talent education training plan, excellent doctor education training plan, national construction high-level university public graduate project, national new Engineering research and practice projects and other key constructions; the first batch of degree-authorized independent review units, Chinese government scholarships for receiving foreign students from China, national deepening innovation and entrepreneurship education reform demonstration colleges, first-class network security college construction demonstration project colleges, and national college students cultural qualities Education base, mass entrepreneurship and innovation demonstration base, and the first batch of Chinese traditional and traditional cultural inheritance bases of ordinary colleges and universities in the country were listed as “one of the most outstanding universities in China” by the journal Science.
Wuhan University traces its origins to the self-improvement school founded by the Governor of Hubei and Guangxi, Zhang Zhidong, in the late Qing Dynasty in 1893, and then went through dialect schools, Wuchang Higher Normal School, National Wuchang Normal University, National Wuchang University, National Second Sun Yat-sen University, etc., in 1928 It was named the National Wuhan University in 2008 and it was the first batch of national universities in modern China. In 2000, the school merged with Wuhan University of Water Resources and Electric Power, Wuhan University of Surveying and Mapping Technology, and Hubei Medical University to form a new Wuhan University.
As of June 2019, the school covers an area of ​​5195 acres and a building area of ​​2.71 million square meters. It has 34 colleges (departments) in six universities and three affiliated hospitals of Grade A; there are 46 doctoral programs in first-level disciplines, 57 There are 123 first-level disciplines, 123 undergraduate majors; more than 3770 full-time teachers; 29405 ordinary undergraduates, 19699 masters, 7163 doctoral students, and 2162 foreign students.

Founding time1893CategoryPublic universities
Competent departmentMinistry of Education of the People’s Republic of ChinaOfficial websitehttp://www.whu.edu.cn