Among the classical gardens that have survived to this day, private gardens have the widest distribution, the largest number, and the most representative. Private gardens are built in the middle of the city or in the suburbs. They are connected with the houses. The landscape is the backbone and the interest of the mountains. It is more like the pure land outside the Shengsheng. Here are some of the top ten private gardens in China.
1.Humble Administrator’s Garden
Humble Administrator’s Garden is the representative of private gardens in Jiangnan and the largest classical landscape garden in Suzhou gardens. This large-scale garden-style classical luxury garden has been hailed as the “model of the world garden” with its layout of mountain island, bamboo dock, Songgang and Qushui. The layout of the Humble Administrator’s Garden is sparse and natural, with a wide water surface, and the scenery is plain, innocent and natural. It is centered on the pool water. The pavilion is built around the pool. There are leaking windows and corridors. The mountains, ancient woods, green bamboos and flowers in the garden form a quiet and peaceful picture.
The different scenic spots such as lakes, ponds and hustle formed by the Humble Administrator’s Garden reproduce the artistic conception of landscape poetry, landscape painting and natural environment in the garden, full of poetry and painting. The whole garden architecture seems to float on the surface of the water, the wood is reflected in the flowers, the four seasons are pleasant, the place is full of emotions, the face is poetry, the subtleties are twisted, the aftertaste is endless, and it is a typical representative of Jiangnan gardens.
Suzhou Humble Administrator’s Garden is a single-storey pavilion. It is light in size and has a window around it. The front platform of the pavilion is the perfect place to enjoy the autumn rain. The most worth seeing in the pavilion is the Qing Dynasty ginkgo wood three-dimensional carving of pine, bamboo, plum, and flying hoods. The knives are skillful, skillful and cleverly conceived, and the two patterns of the old three friends and the magpies are softened together. A rare boutique in the garden fly hood.
The Lingering Garden, although one of the four famous gardens in China, is especially famous for its numerous strange stones and exquisite architectural layouts, but it is not the arrogance in your imagination. The garden is not big, but it is actually followed by the atmosphere. Feast, safari, travel, and even meditation, sacrifice, everything is like a Taoyuan dream, supernatural, but the ground is gas, and has a worldly fireworks happiness.
The Lingering Garden has always been famous for its three worlds: Guanyunfeng, Nanmu Temple and fish fossils, and the three most famous ones are especially famous for Guanyunfeng. Guanyunfeng is the best in Taihu Lake, and the collection of Taihu Stone is “skinny, wrinkled, leaking and transparent”. It is beautiful and beautiful. The beauty of the garden must be personally visited in the garden, appreciate the proud style of Taihu Stone, and taste the exquisite romance of the ancients in the pavilion.
In the golden autumn season, the autumn colors of the Suzhou classical gardens are getting thicker, and the charming scenery attracts many tourists to come and relax. With the arrival of the tourist season, the small theater in Suzhou’s classical gardens has added Kunqu’s performances. It is sought after by the majority of tourists. The picture shows the performance scene of Kunqu Opera “Peony Pavilion”.
If it is said that the Humble Administrator’s Garden reflects the style of the garden architecture in the Ming Dynasty, the Lion Forest is a typical representative of the Yuan Dynasty garden. Lion Grove has the cultural landscape of Suzhou classical garden pavilion, Taiwan, building, pavilion, hall, hall, Xuan, and corridor. It is also famous for its mountains and rocks, deep caves and deep, and is known as the “rockery kingdom”.
Suzhou Garden, Jiangnan, Lion Rock Garden Maze Garden. The peaks of the Lion Forest Rockery are undulating, imposing, and strange and strange. There are nine routes and 21 holes in the rockery group. The lateral direction is extremely tortuous, and the vertical force seeks to circulate. Tourists wear holes, hovering around, and sometimes peaking, and sometimes sinking to the bottom of the valley, looking up and looking at the slopes, such as into the mountains. The caves are stunned, cheerful and cheerful, and sometimes deep and sloppy, sloppy, or gentle, or dangerous. If you want to experience the most secluded classical and interlocking maze, go to the Lion Grove to report it!
Suzhou, Jiangsu, the scenery of the Lion Forest. Suzhou garden is a Jiangnan dream for many people. However, when you have been to Suzhou Garden, you will find that there are countless lovers in this dream. From the perspective of appearance, she has not distorted your fantasies at all. Perhaps because of this, the real Suzhou garden is no longer amazing.
Sometimes, you have to admire the ancient people’s conceived ingenuity, such as a small garden, but in the details reveal an unusual ingenuity. When you mention the Yangzhou Ge Park, you can’t help mentioning bamboo. The Ge Garden wins with bamboo and stone. Even the “one” character in the garden name is also taken from the half of the bamboo character. It should be combined with the various colors of the garden. The owner’s taste and mind can be seen. Being in the Ge Garden, the four-season scenery can be felt at any time, and it is repeated all over the world. This unique artistic technique is extremely rare in China’s traditional gardens. It has a novel interest and a strict structure. It is an isolated example of Chinese gardens and one of the most famous gardens in Yangzhou.
Yi Yu Xuan, three things wide and three sides, windows on all sides. Xuan’s roof is made up of the common slabs in Yangzhou, and the four corners rise slightly, showing stability in the delicate show. Yi Yu Xuan is the place where the owner of the park receives guests. “Yiyu” can do two solutions: First, it is cloudy, rainy and snowy, and it is suitable here; secondly, new friends and old friends are suitable here.
Among the Ge Parks, the most noteworthy is the art of stacked stones, which uses the method of dividing the peaks with stones and using different stones to form the four scenes of “spring, summer, autumn and winter”. The four seasons of the mountain have their own characteristics, expressing “the spring landscape is like a smile, the summer mountains are green and dripping, the autumn mountains are clear and the makeup is like, the winter scenery is bleak and sleepy” and “Spring Mountain is suitable for sightseeing, Xiashan should be seen, Qiushan Yideng, Dongshan Livable and poetic.
With the entry into the “Lixia” season, the temperature in Yangzhou has gradually increased. The “Orchid Fairy”, a 90-year-old tour guide who has served as a guide for one of the four famous gardens in China, has been replaced with a summer dress with orchid embroidery. The graceful and quaint costumes set off the unique orchid culture charm of Ge Garden, and the elegant and elegant “Summer Dress” has become a beautiful flowing landscape in the summer garden.
Known as the “First Garden of the Late Qing Dynasty”, among them, the stone stone master of the Shishishan family, the work of the stack of mountains, can be called a human being. The main feature of He Garden is to bring the function and charm of the corridor building to the extreme. The 1,500-meter avenue is the only wonderful landscape in Chinese gardens. The left and right diversion, high and low hooks, the mountain and the water, and the entrance to the room, form an all-dimensional three-dimensional landscape and all-weather tour space, the beauty of the Chinese garden art’s return to the beauty of the transition and the wonderful in all directions, is known as the prototype of the overpass. This is a rare sight in the ancient gardens that are known for their exquisite elegance.
The “Stone Mountain House” adjacent to He Garden is the human being of Shi Tao, a master of painting in the late Ming and early Qing dynasties. Shi Tao is an outstanding painter of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in China. Formerly known as Zhu Ruoji, he was a famous landscape painter of the Qing Dynasty, and opened up the Yangzhou School of Painting, a pioneer of the Eight Eccentrics of Yangzhou. He Yuan combines the essence of Yangzhou gardens with Dacheng, which is a wonderful blend of Western architectural elements and is a wonderful work in the history of Chinese gardens.
“The First Garden in the Late Qing Dynasty” – Heyuan Scenic Area in Yangzhou, Jiangsu Province, a group of “He Jia Qian Jin” who is working as a tour guide is showing new clothes.
6.Tui Si Yuan
During the reign of Emperor Guangxu in the Qing dynasty, Lan Sheng, the director of the important position in the Qing Dynasty, was impeached and returned to his hometown. In the 11th to 13th year of Guangxu, he spent 100,000 yuan to build a garden. The name of the garden “Tui Si” is intended to take “Zuo Zhuan”: “I want to be loyal to my loyalty and retreat.”
The only world cultural heritage “Tui Si Yuan” in the ancient town of Jiangnan is centered on water and has a special case of a water garden. The mountains, pavilions, churches, corridors, porches, urns and urns are all close to the water. Xiu Jiangnan, making it a model of a small garden comparable to any garden in a famous garden. In 2001, it was listed as a World Cultural Heritage.
Jiangsu retreat garden tower. Tui Si Yuan’s design is based on the characteristics of the Jiangnan water town, tailored to local conditions, and conceived. It took two years to complete the park. The park occupies only nine acres and eight points. Although it is small and complete, in a limited space, it can create a unique path and accommodate the rich essence of art.
Shen Yuan was built in the Song Dynasty and was a private garden for a businessman named Shen. After thousands of years of ups and downs, although there is only one glimpse of the modern era, but now repairs as old, and re-emerged the past. The thief thought that the merchants at that time absolutely made the rich people of today feel ashamed, and this private garden of Shen’s is enough to prove.
In the same year, Shenyuan built more than 80 acres of land, repairing the pool and building the mountain at no cost, only to show the strong strength and social status of the Shen family; than the elegant, the pavilion in the park, the spring pool bridge well, the Tangzhai Xuanyuan, each It has its own characteristics and is awe-inspiring.
Compared with Wencai, Shenyuan has “Chengyun Love Song”, “Poetry Love”, “Spring Wave Jinghong”, “Remaining Wall Resentment”, “Lonely Crane”, “Bihe Yingzhi”, “Palace Wall Resent” Ten”, “Tian Xue asked plum”, “Poetry book fragrance” and “Baoqiao teaser” ten scenes; although the public garden, Shenyuan is a private garden, but it is open to the public after the completion, benefiting one party.
8.Ancient lotus pond
Baoding, Hebei, ancient lotus pond. Mentioning this garden may be a little strange to the readers of Jiangnan. In fact, it is also one of the top ten famous gardens in the country. Since the ancient times, the lotus pond has been surrounded by water, and it has won the name of water.
The gardens in the garden are small and exquisite, elegant and chic, and they are ingenious and simple in the middle of the park. They bring together the essence of the ancient architectural styles of China’s north and south. Lianchi is actually the pearl of ancient gardens in northern China. The predecessors used to describe her as “a few doubt cities have Penglai” and have the reputation of “City Penglai” and “Xiaoxi Lake”.
The ancient lotus pond is not only famous for its “Linquan secluded, cloud-like”, but also famous for its location in the same place as the Lotus Pond College. In the eleventh year of Qing Emperor Yongzheng, he established the highest school of the lotus pond in the northern part of the lotus pond. The presidents of the academies are mostly knowledgeable people, such as Zhang Xuecheng, Qi Yunshi, Zhang Yuzhen, Wu Rulun, etc., offering Western (English) and Dongwen (Japanese) schools, recruiting foreign students, and hiring foreign teachers. The school “sounds the Quartet”, attracting “the Quartet, the singer, the singer, the singer, the singer”, and cultivates a group of talents that can be used by the world.
Qinghui Garden is located in Huagaili, Daliang Town, Shunde District, Foshan City, Guangdong Province. It is a masterpiece of classical garden art in southern China and is known as one of the four famous gardens in Lingnan. Its layout can not only absorb the essence of Suzhou garden art, but also adapt to local conditions. The environment is known for its quiet nature, beauty and elegance.
Qinghui Garden is one of the four famous gardens in the Qing Dynasty of Guangdong Province, located in Daliang Town, Shunde City. The park was originally the residence of Huang Shijun, the champion of Wanli in the Ming Dynasty. In the Qing Dynasty, Jinshilong was purchased at the time, and then it was carefully built by several generations of Longjia, and the pattern was gradually shaped. The park is deeply emptied, and the layout is compact, and the steps are changed. The form of the building is light and flexible, elegant and simple. There are also a large number of decorative and admirable ceramics, gray carvings, wood carvings, glass and strange stones. Miaolian’s fine sentences can be picked up, and art boutiques abound, making people linger.
Qinghui Garden is famous for its elegant and simple style of Lingnan Garden. There is a garden in the park, there are scenery outside the scenery, and the scenery is changed, and it has the characteristics of Lingnan architecture and Jiangnan garden. The rockery in the garden is a rockery, the water is flowing, the winding path is cloister, and the scenery is full of fun. Ginkgo biloba, Bailing longan, Yuxi Chunrui, Shaliu fluttering. The leisurely bridge is like watching the golden dragon and the blue waves play; Xu Xing’s flower trails are good for the green trees. Sometimes the chord songs are heard in the garden, and listening to a Cantonese song is heart-warming and intoxicating.
As the largest private garden in China’s Northern School, Changjia Manor is located in Yuci, Shanxi. Changjia is a famous Confucian merchant in the Qing Dynasty. It is the ambition of the world to take advantage of the world’s ambitions. It is made up of Wuyi Mountain, Zhazhuang in Chaktu, open the Wanli Tea Road, and distributes Mongolian Nordic. For more than two hundred years, the company has become the first family of trade with Russia.
The Qing Dynasty was a glorious period for Shanxi merchants. Like many successful businessmen in Shanxi, the Chang family after the business became rich began a large-scale house construction in their hometown.
Unlike many Shanxi merchants, Changjia is a foreigner family who looks to the world, dares to be the best in the world, and expands the world of Wanli tea. As a cultural family that adheres to etiquette, respects teachers, and teaches people. After more than 200 years of construction, the family has not only its homes with full-featured manor features, well-ordered Chinese ceremonial traditions, but also elegant and rich Confucian cultural tastes. There are more than 100 acres of Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism. A furnace, a garden of the North and South style. This feature is rare for the folks of the north, and many of the Shanxi merchants are the only ones.