Hydropower resources are clean energy, which converts the potential energy and kinetic energy of water into electrical energy. There are many hydropower stations in China, not just the Three Gorges Hydropower Station. The existence of hydropower stations has greatly eased and solved the problems of China’s lack of power and energy. The top 10 hydropower stations in China include these.
1.Three Gorges Hydropower Station 三峡水电站
Three Gorges Hydropower Station is the Three Gorges Project on the Yangtze River, also known as the Three Gorges Project.
It is the largest hydropower station in the world and the largest engineering project ever constructed in China.
There are more than ten functions, including shipping, power generation, planting and so on.
The Three Gorges Hydropower Station was approved for construction in 1992, and construction was officially started in 1994. The storage power generation began on the afternoon of June 1, 2003 and was completed in 2009.
The height of the dam of the Three Gorges Hydropower Station is 185 meters, the storage height is 175 meters, the length of the reservoir is 2335 meters, the storage capacity is 39.3 billion cubic meters, and the installed capacity reaches 22.4 million kilowatts.
2.Xiluodu Hydropower Station 溪洛渡水电站
Xiluodu Hydropower Station is the third largest hydropower station in the world. It is located on the main stream of the Jinsha River in the upper reaches of the Yangtze River at the junction of Sichuan and Yunnan. It has a maximum installed capacity of 13.86 million kilowatts, second only to the Three Gorges and Itaipu Hydropower Station in Brazil. 285.5 meters. The normal storage level of Xiluodu Reservoir is 600 meters, the standing water level is 540 meters, the total capacity of the reservoir is 12.8 billion cubic meters, and the adjusted storage capacity is 6.46 billion cubic meters.
3.Baihetan Hydropower Station 白鹤滩水电站
Baihetan Hydropower Station is located in Ningnan County, Sichuan Province and Qiaojia County, Yunnan Province. It is the second cascade developed by the cascade of the mainstream of the lower reaches of the Jinsha River.
The normal storage level of the reservoir is 825 meters, and the corresponding storage capacity is 20.6 billion cubic meters. The underground plant is equipped with 16 units. The initial planned installation capacity is 16 million kilowatts, and the average annual power generation is 60.24 billion kilowatt-hours.
The main project of the power plant is scheduled to start in 2013, the first batch of units will generate electricity in 2018, and the project will be completed in 2022. After the completion of the power station, it will become China’s second largest hydropower station after the Three Gorges Hydropower Station. The barrage is a concrete double-curved arch dam with a height of 289m, a top of dam 834m, a top width of 13m, and a maximum bottom width of 72m. The total storage capacity of the reservoir is 20.6 billion cubic meters, the adjustment storage capacity is 10.4 billion cubic meters, and the flood control storage capacity is 7.5 billion cubic meters.
4.Udongde Hydropower Station 乌东德水电站
Wudongde Hydropower Station is located on the Jinshajiang River at the junction of Huidong County in Sichuan and Luquan County in Yunnan Province. It is the first cascade of four escalators in the lower reaches of the Jinshajiang Hydropower Base. The initial water storage level of Wudongde Reservoir is 975 meters. The storage capacity is 7.408 billion cubic meters, the adjusted storage capacity is 2.6 billion cubic meters, the flood control storage capacity is 2.44 billion cubic meters, and the installed capacity of the power station is 10.2 million kilowatts. The power plant plans to realize the first batch of generating units in 2020, and it is expected that all units will be put into operation in 2021.
5.Xiangjiaba Hydropower Station 向家坝水电站
Xiangjiaba Hydropower Station is located on the lower reaches of the Jinsha River at the junction of Shuifu County in Yunnan Province and Yibin County in Sichuan Province. It is the last hydropower station on the Jinsha River Hydropower Base. The barrage dam is a concrete gravity dam with a crest elevation of 384 meters, the largest The dam is 162 meters high and the dam crest is 909.26 meters long. The dam site controls a watershed area of 458,800 square kilometers, accounting for 97% of the area of the Jinsha River Basin, and the average annual runoff is 3810 cubic meters per second. The total storage capacity of the reservoir is 5.163 billion cubic meters, the storage capacity is adjusted to 900 million cubic meters, and the backwater length is 156.6 kilometers. The installed capacity of the power station is 7.75 million kilowatts (eight 800-megawatt giant turbines and three large-scale turbines of 450,000 kilowatts), which guarantee the output of 2009MW and the average annual power generation of 30.747 billion kilowatt-hours.
6.Longtan Hydropower Station 龙滩水电站
The Longtan Hydropower Project is located in Tian’e County, Guangxi, upstream of the Hongshui River. It is the second largest hydropower project under construction in China after the Three Gorges of the Yangtze River. The planned total installed capacity of the Longtan Hydropower Project is 6.3 million kilowatts, the average annual power generation is 18.7 billion kilowatt hours, the corresponding reservoir has a normal water storage level of 400 meters, a total storage capacity of 27.3 billion cubic meters, and a flood control storage capacity of 7 billion cubic meters. It will be constructed in two phases. The Longtan Hydropower Project is mainly composed of three major parts: a dam, an underground power plant and a navigation building. Its construction will create the three most in the world: the highest rolled concrete dam (maximum dam height 216.5 meters, dam crest length 836.5 meters, dam body concrete volume 7.36 million cubic meters), the largest underground plant (length 388.5 Meters, width 28.5 meters, height 74.4 meters), the highest lifting ship lift.
7.Nuozhadu Hydropower Station 糯扎渡水电站
Nuozhadu Hydropower Station is located at the junction of Simao District of Pu’er City and Lancang County in the lower reaches of Lancang River and is the core hydropower project in the lower reaches of Lancang River. The normal storage level of Nuozhadu Reservoir is 812 meters, and the maximum height of the core wall rockfill dam is 261.5 meters, ranking third in the world in its dam type. The total installed capacity of the power station is 5.85 million kilowatts, and the average annual power generation is 23.912 billion kilowatt hours. As the largest hydropower station in Yunnan Province, it is the backbone project to achieve the national optimal resource allocation and national networking goals, and it is the basic project to implement the strategy of “West to East Power Transmission” and “Cloud to Power Transmission”.
8.Jinping II Hydropower Station 锦屏二级水电站
The Jinping II Hydropower Station is located on the main river of Jinping, the main stream of the Yalong River at the junction of Muli, Yanyuan and Mianning in Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province. The Jinping II Hydropower Station uses 150 kilometers of Jinping River in the Yalong River. Natural drop, cut straight and excavate tunnel to diversion for power generation. The dam site is located 7.5 kilometers downstream of Jinping Class I, and the plant is located in the big water ditch at the east end of Dahe Bay. The normal storage level of the reservoir is 1646m, the return water length is 7.5km, and the corresponding storage capacity is 14.01 million cubic meters; the backwater level of the reservoir is 1640m, the fixed storage capacity is 9.05 million cubic meters, and the adjusted storage capacity is only 4.96 million cubic meters. The total installed capacity of the power station is 4.8 million kilowatts (8 sets x 600,000 kilowatts), and the average annual power generation for many years is 24.23 billion kilowatt hours.
9.Xiaowan Hydropower Station 小湾水电站
The Xiaowan Hydropower Station is located in the middle reaches of the Lancang River at the junction of Nanjian County, Dali Prefecture, Yunnan and Fengqing County, Lincang City. It has a total storage capacity of about 15 billion cubic meters, with an adjusted storage capacity of nearly 10 billion cubic meters. The installed capacity of Xiaowan Hydropower Station is 4.2 million kilowatts. The guaranteed output is 1.854 million kilowatts, and the annual guaranteed power generation is 19 billion kilowatt-hours.
10.Laxiwa Hydropower Station 拉西瓦水电站
Laxiwa Hydropower Station is located in Laxiwa Town of Guide County on the main stream of the Yellow River in Qinghai Province. It is the second large-scale cascade power station planned from the Longyangxia to Qingtongxia section of the upper reaches of the Yellow River. The maximum dam height of Laxiwa Hydropower Station is 250 meters, the elevation of the first stage storage water level is 2370 meters, the normal storage level elevation of the reservoir is 2452 meters, the total storage capacity is 1.056 billion cubic meters, the total installed capacity of 6 units is 4.2 million kilowatts, and the average power generation for many years 10.223 billion kWh. Laxiwa Hydropower Station is the largest hydropower station and clean energy base on the Yellow River. It is also the hydropower station with the highest dam, the largest installed capacity and the most power generation in the Yellow River Basin.